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Rolex Daytona 116509 Unworn White gold 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Daytona
White Gold and Steel 40mm Black Index Dial 116509
$50,500
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Rolex Oyster Perpetual 34 124200 Unworn Steel 34mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Oyster Perpetual 34
34mm Pink Dial 124200 Unworn 2021
$8,745
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 26078RO.OO.D002CR.01 Very good Rose gold 44mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Rubens Barrichello
$79,900
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Rolex Submariner Date 126610LN New Steel 41mm Automatic United States of America, Massachusetts, Boston
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Rolex Submariner Date
126610LN NEW 2022 NOVEMBER Black 41 mm
$14,785
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Rolex Daytona 116500LN New Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Daytona
40mm Stainless Steel Black Index Dial Ceramic Bezel 116500LN
$28,500
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver 15710ST.OO.A002CA.01 Unworn Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Diver
42mm Stainless Steel
$31,800
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Rolex Sky-Dweller 326934 New Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
NEW 2022 Sky-Dweller BLUE Jubilee
$25,999
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IWC Ingenieur AMG IW3227 Good Steel 42.5mm Automatic United States of America, California, Newport Beach
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IWC Ingenieur AMG
IW3227-02
$3,295
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Rolex Daytona 116508 Unworn Yellow gold 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Daytona
116508 Cosmograph Daytona 18k Yellow Gold Oyster Bracelet 40mm Green Dial
$78,325
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Rolex Sky-Dweller 326238 New Yellow gold 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
Yellow Gold White Dial Oysterflex 326238 2022 NEW
$38,395
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Hublot Big Bang 44 mm 301.PX.7180.LR Very good Rose gold 44mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Hublot Big Bang 44 mm
Gold Blue - MINT
$22,500
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 26331BC.GG.1224BC.02 Unworn White gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
26331BC Chronograph Blue Dial Frosted White Gold Limited 70 “In Stock”
$160,000
+ $125 for shipping
Rolex Explorer II 226570 New Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, Massachusetts, Boston
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Rolex Explorer II
226570 NEW 2022 NOVEMBER White Polar Oyster Steel 42 mm
$13,100
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Patek Philippe Calatrava 5227R-001 New Rose gold 39mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Patek Philippe Calatrava
Ivory lacquered Dial 5227R-001
$38,000
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 26186SN.OO.D101CR.01 Good Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph
Las Vegas Strip 26186SN
$21,500
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Rolex Day-Date 40 228238 New Yellow gold 40mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex Day-Date 40
NEW 2022 Release Day-Date 40 GREEN LACQUER DIAL
$62,750
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Rolex Sky-Dweller 326933 Unworn Gold/Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, California, Newport Beach, Orange County, CA
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
18kt Yellow Gold/SS Champagne Dial 326933 2022 Complete
$20,895
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Rolex Sky-Dweller 326933-0001 Unworn Gold/Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
2022 Sky-Dweller 326933 Oyster Bracelet 42mm Champagne Dial Two Tone Yellow Gold
$21,425
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Rolex Submariner Date 126618LN New Yellow gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Submariner Date
41mm Yellow Gold Black Dial 126618LN 2022 New
$41,895
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Audemars Piguet 15412OR.ZZ.1220 OR.01 Very good Rose gold Automatic United States of America, Florida, Doral
Audemars Piguet
15412OR Openwork Skeleton Rose Gold Factory Baguette Bezel Limited
$949,950
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak 15503BC.OO.1220BC.01 Unworn White gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, new york
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak
Japan Edition 15503BC White Gold Limited 300 Pieces “In Stock”
$100,000
+ $125 for shipping
Rolex Datejust 41 126334 New Steel 41mm Automatic United States of America, Massachusetts, Boston
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Rolex Datejust 41
126334 NEW 2022 Blue Oyster Steel 41 mm
$13,285
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Rolex Yacht-Master II 116688 Good Yellow gold 44mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Yacht-Master II
18k Yellow Gold 44mm White116688
$39,000
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126719BLRO Unworn White gold 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Meteorite Dial 126719BLRO
$56,900
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLRO New Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex GMT-Master II
NEW 2022 GMT-Master II “Pepsi” 126710BLRO
$20,500
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Tudor Black Bay 79230B Very good Steel 41mm Automatic United States of America, California, Newport Beach
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Tudor Black Bay
Heritage Black Bay Blue 79230B Complete
$2,995
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Rolex Daytona 116503 Unworn Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Daytona
2022 Daytona 116503 40mm Two Tone Yellow Gold Black Diamond Dial UNWORN
$30,425
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Rolex Daytona 116515ln New Ceramic 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Daytona
18k Rose Gold 116515LN Oysterflex Black Diamond Dial 2022
$46,725
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLRO Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, Illinois, Springfield
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Pepsi Jubilee Stainless Steel 2021 Full Set
$19,400
+ $65 for shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 26239BC.GG.1224BC.01 Unworn White gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, new york
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
26239BC Frosted Gold Selfwinding Chronograph Limited Edition 200 Pieces
$140,000
+ $125 for shipping

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Richard Mille RM 011 RM11-03 RG Very good Rose gold 49.94mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Doral
Richard Mille RM 011
RM11-03 Rose Gold amp; Titanium
$388,200
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Rolex Datejust 31 278274 New Steel 31mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Datejust 31
Steel and White Gold Datejust 31 Fluted Bezel Mint Green Index Dial Jubilee Bracelet
$11,000
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLNR Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Jubilee Batman 126710BLNR
$18,750
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Rolex Submariner Date 126613lb New Gold/Steel 41mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex Submariner Date
NEW 2022 Submariner Date 41mm Blue Dial 126613
$17,999
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Tudor Pelagos M25600TN-0001 New Titanium 42mm Automatic United States of America, New Jersey, Oakhurst
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Tudor Pelagos
NEW 2022 Pelagos Titanium Automatic Black Dial Men's Watch 2022
$4,500
+ $55 for shipping
Rolex Submariner Date 126613lb Very good Gold/Steel 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Submariner Date
126613LB 41mm Date Steel/Yellow Gold Two Tone Blue Bezel Blue Dial
$16,525
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Rolex Sky-Dweller 326238-0009 New Yellow gold 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
Yellow Gold Black Dial Oysterflex 326238 2022 NEW
$41,345
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLNR New Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, Illinois, Springfield
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Batman Oyster 2022 New
$17,700
+ $65 for shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 26331BC.GG.1224BC.03 Unworn White gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
Promoted
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
Black Dial Blue Sub-Dial Frosted White Gold Limited 111 “In Stock”
$165,000
+ $125 for shipping
Audemars Piguet 15412BA.ZG.1224BA.01 New Yellow gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Doral
Audemars Piguet
15412BA.ZG Yellow Gold Frosted Skeleton Factory Baguette Bezel
$1,250,000
Free shipping
Audemars Piguet 26240OR.OO.1320OR.01 New Rose gold United States of America, New York, New York
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Audemars Piguet
ROYAL OAK SELFWINDING CHRONOGRAPH “50TH ANNIVERSARY” Rose Gold Blue Dial REF#26240OR
$145,000
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Rolex GMT-Master II 116710LN Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Steel Ceramic Bezel Black Dial
$16,500
Free shipping
Rolex Sky-Dweller 326933 New Gold/Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
NEW 2022 Sky-Dweller BLACK Dial Jubilee
$21,999
Free shipping
Rolex Datejust 41 126334-0015 Unworn White gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York City
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Rolex Datejust 41
126334 Fluted Blue Index - Jubilee Bracelet - Unworn 2022
$13,995
Free shipping
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Daytona
116520 #34;APH" Dial Oyster Perpetual Cosmograph Daytona Stainless Steel Black Dial COMPLETE
$29,425
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Rolex Yacht-Master 42 226658 New Yellow gold 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Yacht-Master 42
42mm 18K YG Oysterflex 226658 NEW 2022
$33,725
Free shipping
Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLRO New Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, Illinois, Springfield
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Pepsi Oyster Stainless Steel 2022 Full Set
$19,900
+ $65 for shipping
IWC Pilot Chronograph Top Gun Miramar IW388002 Very good Ceramic 46mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Hollywood
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IWC Pilot Chronograph Top Gun Miramar
Pilot's Flyback 46mm Ceramic IW388002 - Serviced OCT
$7,700
+ $29 for shipping
Patek Philippe Nautilus 5740/1G-001 Unworn White gold 40mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Doral
Patek Philippe Nautilus
5740/1G Nautilus White Gold Perpetual Calendar
$258,500
Free shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15510OR.OO.1320OR.02 New Rose gold Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
Rose Gold Black Dial #34;50TH ANNIVERSARY" 15510OR.OO.1320OR.02
$125,000
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15450OR.OO.1256OR.01 Unworn Rose gold 37mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
37mm Rose Gold Grey Dial
$69,995
Free shipping
Rolex Sky-Dweller 326934 New Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
NEW 2022 Sky-Dweller BLUE OYSTER 326934
$25,700
Free shipping
Rolex Sky-Dweller 326934 Unworn Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Sky-Dweller
White Rolesor Sky-Dweller Watch - Blue Index Dial - Oyster Bracelet 326934
$33,000
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Rolex Daytona 116503 Unworn Gold/Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Daytona
116503 Black Mother of Pearl (MOP) Diamond Tahitian Dial Two Tone Yellow Gold
$41,325
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Rolex Daytona 116515ln New Rose gold 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Rolex Daytona
Rose Gold Pink Dial Oysterflex 116515ln 2022 New
$43,795
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLRO Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, Illinois, Springfield
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Rolex GMT-Master II
Pepsi Jubilee Stainless Steel 2022 Full Set
$21,000
+ $65 for shipping
Patek Philippe Annual Calendar Chronograph 5960/1A-010 Very good Steel 40.5mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Hollywood
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Patek Philippe Annual Calendar Chronograph
5960/1A-010 Annual Calendar Chronograph Steel Feb 2018
$125,000
+ $29 for shipping
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph 26239BC.GG.1224BC.01 Unworn White gold 41mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Wellington
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph
26239BC Royal Oak Frosted Gold Selfwinding Chronograph Grey Dial
$151,295
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding 15551ST.ZZ.1356ST.01 New Steel 37mm Automatic United States of America, New York, New York
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Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Selfwinding
50th Anniversary 37mm Ice Blue Dial Diamond Bezel 15551st
$75,000
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Rolex Submariner (No Date) 114060 Unworn Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Submariner (No Date)
40mm Stainless Steel Ceramic Bezel Black Dial 114060
$13,950
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Rolex GMT-Master II 126710BLNR New Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, Pennsylvania, Moosic
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Rolex GMT-Master II
NEW 2022 GMT-Master II “Batgirl” 126710BLNR
$18,475
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Girard Perregaux Laureato 81010-11-431-11A Very good Steel 42mm Automatic United States of America, Florida, Boca Raton
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Girard Perregaux Laureato
42mm Rare Blue Dial Ref. 81010 - 2022
$9,785
+ $50 for shipping
Rolex Daytona 116520 Very good Steel 40mm Automatic United States of America, New York, NEW YORK
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Rolex Daytona
116520 #34;APH" Dial Oyster Perpetual Cosmograph Daytona Stainless Steel White Dial COMPLETE
$29,625
Free shipping

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.


Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.


Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.


The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.


The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.